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̼̼֮ɼǹۼ,ۼз!Ϊɼԭӹз.Cļ۹2s 2px 2py 2pz̼ԭijһ(ٶx᷽)ɼ,Ȼص,γsigma;

ڵ˫֮,ɦҼͦм,̼ԭӹŲ1s(2)2s(2)2p(2),,Ų2s(2)2p(2),,sp3 ӻγɵ4̼ԭΪ,ͷ,βСĵ,4ƹ̼ԭӵ4ṹ,Ҽһһԭӵĵͷͷ϶,̼ԭӵƽ,ֲƽŵһԵ,Լ粢ʽ,γɦм,,̼֮䶼γɦм,мγһ,γɴм,±쳣ȶ.Ͼǻ,԰ٶȰٿƲظ,ͼ,.

̼ԭӵĿռӻ,ֻSPӻ,ûбSPӻСӻ,Բ̼ļ.SP2,˫,SP3,SP.

ʵú,Ȥ.,̼̼ļDzڵ.Ϊл̼ΪǼ,ȫ̼,Ҫ̼̼ļ,̼Ͳԭ,Ҳ𲻵Ǽܡ.

!Ϊ̼,2s2,2p2ֻĸ۵,ռۼۺӻ,γļ,Ӧһɼ,,PǴֱ,̼̼Pγɵ,PһS,ռ乹,Dzγļ.,׷.

Ϊ̼ԭֻ4,ֻγÿ̼ԭϾһܵ˵,ÿ̼ԭӾ͹а˸ӵȶṹ,Ӿͺԭӽϻ̼ԭӽ

Ϊλ,ԭӹõ,еԭӶùۼ.ӻѧܸ,ѧ̫,λ㳣.

϶û,ֻ̼ĸ,ԽԽȶ,һ¾ͷֽ.Dzڵ.

̼3? ch4.

,Ϊ:һλ,˫λ,λ,Խ൱ڰ̼ԭԽ£,С.Ե.

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